Learn Japanese Grammar ~ te wa ikenai (~ てはいけない)

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Learn Japanese Grammar ~ te wa ikenai (~ てはいけない)
Japanese Grammar ~ te wa ikenai (~ てはいけない) has meaning "must not ; may not ; cannot 禁止や規制を表す".

Formation [接続]
Verb-てform + はいけない

This grammar is used to say this is something we should not do / may not do.
You can use the regular form or more formal form:
  • てはいけない (te wa ikenai) regular. See examples 1~4
  • てはいけません (te wa ikemasen) more formal. See examples 5~8

In spoken Japanese, the following may be used instead:
  • ちゃいだめ・じゃだめ (cha dame / ja dame)
  • ちゃいけない・じゃいけない (cha ikenai / ja ikenai)

例文

嘘をついてはいけない。
Uso wo tsuite wa ikenai.
You must not tell lies.

図書館でうるさくしてはいけない。
Toshokan de urusaku shite wa ikenai.
We cannot be loud in the library.

笑ってはいけない冗談だった。
Waratte wa ikenai joudan datta.
That was a joke that we shouldn't of laughed at.

今日試験があるから、遅刻してはいけない。
Kyou shiken ga aru kara, chikoku shite wa ikenai.
There's a test today, so you can't be late.

授業中に携帯電話を使ってはいけません。
Jugyou chuu ni keitai denwa wo tsukatte wa ikemasen.
Cannot use cellphones during class.

ろうかを走ってはいけませんよ。
Rouka wo hashitte wa ikemasen yo.
No running in the halls.

室内でタバコを吸ってはいけませんよ。
Shitsunai de tabako wo sutte wa ikemasen yo.
No smoking inside!

20歳未満の人はお酒を飲んではいけません。
Hatachi miman no hito wa osake wo nonde wa ikemasen.
You must not drink alcohol if you are under 20 years of age. (Japan's legal age)

All Japanese grammar lessons are designed to help you study for the JLPT. If you have any feedback or notice any errors, please leave a comment.

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